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Advances in technology have made almost anything possible – including powering cars with electricity.
There are two ways this happens. Electric cars can be powered by electric bridging components. These components collect electric current that is generated at the electrodes of electrochemical devices. Another way vehicles can be propelled by electricity is through the use of batteries. These batteries can be charged with generators or with solar batteries.
History of Electric Vehicles
Electric vehicles have been in existence as far back as the 19th century. These vehicles were produced by the Hungarian Priest named Anyos Jedik. He created the first electric motor, used to power a small vehicle. After this, several inventors began to produce their own electrically-powered cars. With each invention came more sophistication that could perform better than the earliest crude models that were produced.
In the early 20th century, the Studebaker Automobile company produced the first set of mass-produced electric vehicles.
Types of Electric Vehicles
In a broad sense, there are three types of electric vehicles. Those are: Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV), Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), and the Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
The plug-in hybrid vehicle combines an internal combustion engine with an electric motor battery. The advantage these models of electric cars have over other forms of electric vehicles is that their battery pack is larger than the hybrid model, and they can therefore travel for longer distances.
The Hybrid electric model uses an internal combustion engine, a battery pack, and an electric motor to power its engine. This combination allows it to reduce the fuel consumption of the vehicle.
The Battery electric model is considered to be the real or full-electric model of vehicles. These types of vehicles are powered solely by electricity. These types of vehicles possess electric motors that are capable of pulling current from onboard battery packs. As expected, these types of cars have larger batteries and can store more electricity. They also must be charged frequently either at home or at a charge station before they can be driven.
Electric Car Components
The components of an electric vehicle include the thermal system, the charge port, transmission, onboard charger, battery, traction battery pack, electric traction motor, the controller and inverter, and the thermal cooling unit.
Numerous Advantages of Electromobility
- A major argument for the favor of electric cars is that they are eco-friendly. Gasoline cars produce a lot of emissions that are dangerous to human health and are not eco-friendly. To avoid this, electric cars are the answer. These cars do not produce emissions, toxic gases or smoke.
- Another obvious advantage of electric vehicles is that one can save a lot of money from not having to buy gas to fill up the tank.
- Electric trains were used to transport coal; they performed this task flawlessly as they did not require gasoline to move from one place to another. This was preferred because of the speed and efficiency of these trains in delivering goods.
- A single charge allows a user to cover a lot of distance before the battery needs to be recharged.
- Electric cars are safe to drive. These cars undergo the same thorough testing as other gasoline powered cars. They are very stable and reliable.
Electric Cars Can Drive Fast!
Since electronic cars have no transmission at all, they usually drive faster than their gasoline counterparts. The smaller cars can drive up to 120km per hour, while sport e-cars can often reach 300km per hour!
Can Electric Cars Drive The Distance?
The vast majority of currently available electric cars have the ability to drive 150 to 350 kilometers after a full charge. The premium brand models, however, can reach over 500 kilometers. This is expected to be dramatically improved in the near future.
Should You Purchase An E-Car?
Electric populars are certainly gaining popularity. However, that doesn’t mean they are suitable for every man or woman. If you are someone who needs to drive from city to city on a daily basis and can not afford delays, then electric cars are probably not for you. On the other hand, if you’re looking for a city car that you can use that will look great, be efficient, and save you plenty of money, then electric cars are a great option to look at.
As electric cars get improved with every release, more and more people will be able to take advantage of their sophisticated technology.
Electromobility – The Future of the Road
No doubt, gasoline-powered vehicles are still dominating the road space today. There are many more companies involved in the production of gasoline-powered vehicles as compared to electric vehicles.
However, things are obviously changing. Ever since Tesla became so popular and its cars could be seen in almost every country around the world, more and more vehicle manufacturers around the world have entered the electromobility sector and have been producing their own full-electric cars.
The road’s future certainly seems to be electric.